Interested in becoming an ESL teacher? Interested in teaching English abroad as a career?
Then this is for you. This will focus on becoming an English (ESL) teacher abroad. If this is what you want to do with your life then this is for you. If you are trying to decide what major you should choose to teach English then this is for you.
First off you should know that the most basic requirements to teach English abroad in most places are to be a native speaker and to have a bachelor's degree in any discipline. You can follow the above link for more info on that. Since those are the basic requirements then you should also know that most people do not teach English for the long term.
Most people who teach English as a second language abroad only do so for a year or so. Many are college graduates from diverse backgrounds looking to experience something new. It's a field that has a high turnover rate and that any average joe with a degree can do (not necessarily well) for the most part. Although many just do it for a year or so, some will do it for much longer or as a career.
So which major should I choose to teach English abroad?
Many people may tell you that you should study linguistics, literature or major in English. Those are helpful, but there is a better major and I am going to tell you what it is and why you should study it. Of course you don't have to study it as there are other ways, but if you're really serious about teaching English for the long term then this would be best.
You should study education and become a licensed teacher in your home country. Why? The reason why is that it's a far better qualification than any short term TEFL/TESOL/CELTA course.
Why is this degree best?
1. It's better because it's far more versatile than short term TEFL courses. TEFL/TESOL/CELTA qualifications are mostly only good for teaching English abroad. If you ever decide to teach in the USA or perhaps in your home country those aren't usually worth much.
2. The other point is that if you are a licensed teacher you will qualify for some of the best teaching positions abroad. For example, you will be able to teach English or any suitable subject for that matter in international schools across the globe. These can be really nice positions.
3. While most ESL teachers with bachelor's degrees teach in private language schools and a fewer amount in public schools and universities. You'll also be qualified to teach English in a public school in Taiwan, UAE, and Dubai. These are just some examples of the positions - which are often higher paying than most, that you will be qualified for. TEFL certifications and regular old bachelor's degrees won't cut it in these schools.
You don't necessarily have to be a licensed teacher of "English". You can be a licensed teacher of any subject and still be able to get into these positions. Of course being a licensed teacher of English would be better if you do want to teach English. Being a "licensed teacher" carries a sense of esteem with it. People will respect you more for it and see you as a "real teacher".
So simply said being a licensed teacher has a few advantages.
- It's versatile. You can teach abroad with it and/or if you decide to you can teach in your home country.
- You'll be qualified to teach English in some of the best schools.
Having those qualifications is a great start to a career as a teacher if that is what you want to be. Later you can always decide to study TEFL more, by taking a course or even getting a master's degree.
What about TEFL courses?
Most schools will consider a licensed teacher a better qualification than a CELTA, TEFL or TESOL certificate. I mean one of this courses can be good for getting some specialized training. But they are not a degree and they don't carry much weight. Degrees are required for getting visas and what not in Asia. TEFL certificates are not.
Are education degrees really the best qualification?
You know it depends on the school. Experience is probably the best after the basic ones like a degree and native speaker. Some universities in Asia require master's degrees.
But as a licensed teacher you won't have a worthless degree like some do, such as myself, haha. I have a degree in fine art.
Which doesn't actually qualify me for many positions. I did learn some valuable skills, however in and of itself a bachelor's degree in fine arts doesn't qualify one for many jobs. Which I don't really want as my goal in life is not to find a good "job".
That could have something to do with why I spent as many years abroad as I did. The other reason was a love of adventure, travel and new experiences. Although teaching abroad is not the same as traveling abroad.
But I wouldn't change it though, as that is what I was interested in at the time. At least I wouldn't now because life is a journey not a destination. So first I would tell you to pursue what you are interested in not in what looks good on paper. If teaching interests you and teaching English abroad interests you then study education and become a licensed teacher.